Two Californians named Sam Battistone and Newell Bohnett started a restaurant named "Sambo's" in 1957, supposedly from combining their names "Sam" and "Bo" — but most people figured they got the name from "The Story of Little Black Sambo," a 19th-century children's tale about a dark-skinned little boy who had a scary encounter with tigers, until the tigers ran so fast they melted into a giant pile of butter that Sambo's mother used to make pancakes. (The original name was "Sambo's Pancake House," and its mascot was a little black boy eating pancakes while a tiger watched, all with a tagline "The finest pancakes west of the Congo.") By 1960 that mascot was a light-skinned boy in a jeweled turban with a smiling tiger friend, with no mention of the Congo. That didn't quell complaints of a racist name, yet by the 1970s there were more than 1,000 Sambo's restaurants across the U.S. and a "Tiger Tamers" loyalty club for children. The chain faced increasing controversy over its name, a fairly common racist slur; by the early 1980s, it filed for bankruptcy protection, laying off thousands of workers. By 2020 only one Sambo's store remained: a California location owned by Battistone's grandson. When the nation erupted in protest after George Floyd died in Minneapolis police custody, the grandson changed the name to Chad's.