U.S. labor history stretches back to 1768 when New York tailors protested a cut in wages; the first union formed in 1794 among shoemakers in Philadelphia. As times changed, work stoppages in larger industries grew, sometimes pitting strikers against law enforcement and even the military. Their efforts weren’t always successful, but they frequently made gains that translated to other industries and influenced laws. The latest strike by workers at the University of California may be the largest at any academic institution in history.
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