These Companies Paid Massive Sums to Settle Lawsuits

Front Exterior of CVS Pharmacy, Anderson, California, Surrounded By Empty Parking Spaces


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Front Exterior of CVS Pharmacy, Anderson, California, Surrounded By Empty Parking Spaces

Big Business Fails

Corporations may enjoy many of the same rights as citizens under U.S. law, but they certainly aren't punished the same way for wrongdoing. Since an organization itself can't serve jail time, often the only recourse is seeking monetary damages. Some of the costliest court settlements ever reached involving big businesses now include CVS and Walgreens, both of which have agreed to pay a massive amount to states that sued them for the drug chains' roles in the deadly opioid crisis.

Related: Companies That Have Filed for Bankruptcy Since the Pandemic Began

Closeup of a Cigarette End Smashed on a Black Slate Slab, Selective Focus

Philip Morris, R.J. Reynolds, Brown & Williamson, and Lorillard

$206 billion
The largest civil litigation settlement in U.S. history occurred in 1998 between the attorneys general of 46 states, Washington, D.C., and five U.S. territories, and the nation's four largest tobacco companies. The companies agreed to significantly reduce their marketing and lobbying presences and begin making annual payments to states of $206 billion over 25 years, funding both medical care for people with tobacco-related illnesses and antismoking campaigns.

Related: Most Unbelievable Lawsuits Filed Against Big Companies

TransOcean's Offshore Oil Rig 'Deepwater Horizon' and Tidewater Supply Vessel Next to It on the Right, Gulf of Mexico


$20 billion
In 2016, a federal judge in New Orleans approved a settlement forcing oil company BP to pay $20 billion in reparations for an offshore oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, about six years after the fact. The final amount covered Clean Water Act penalties and environmental damages from the initial explosion, which killed 11 workers and spilled 134 million gallons of oil that spread across 43,000 miles.

Related: Companies' Most Cringeworthy Public-Relations Failures

Aerial of an American Suburb Neighborhood, Homes with Driveways and a Yard, Sidewalk Along Edge of Yards, Cars Are Parked Along the Road in Front of Homes, a Road in the Foreground with Another Perpendicular to It on the Right

Bank of America

$16.65 billion
Bank of America has been the subject of several major lawsuits owing to its involvement in the 2008 financial crash. At the time this settlement was announced in 2014, it was the largest federal settlement with a single company in U.S. history. Bank of America agreed to pay more than $16 billion to resolve investigations into sales of thousands of toxic mortgage securities.

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Closeup of Back of a White Volkswagen SUV on the Left with Another White Volkswagen SUV on the Left, Slight Side-View, Volkswagen Dealership Car Sign on the Top Right


$14.7 billion
In 2016, a U.S. judge approved Volkswagen's $14.7 billion settlement with regulators and the owners of 475,000 VW vehicles, which used secretly installed software to cheat diesel-emissions tests. The maker of the beloved Beetle began buying back the affected cars, which emitted up to 40 times the legally allowed pollution levels, from owners, who also received up to $10,000 in additional compensation.

A White Bottle of Roundup Weed and Grass Killer with Wand on a Grass Lawn


$10.9 billion
German pharmaceutical company Bayer agreed to pay nearly $11 billion to settle thousands of lawsuits over subsidiary Monsanto’s weed-killer Roundup. The settlement aims to clear nearly 100,000 lawsuits filed by consumers ranging from homeowners to farmers who say they developed cancer because of the product. Some 25,000 cases still remain. In three previous Roundup cases, awards totaling more than $2.3 billion have been ordered, but those cases are being appealed.

Side Front Exterior of Walgreens Pharmacy, Arlington Heights, Illinois

CVS and Walgreens

$10.7 billion
CVS and Walgreens have agreed to settle lawsuits brought against the companies by several states for their alleged role in the opioid crisis. CVS would pay nearly $5 billion over the next decade, while Walgreens would pay $5.7 billion over the next 15 years, under terms of the agreement. States have until the end of 2022 to accept the settlement, and the attorneys general of Pennsylvania, New York, California, Oregon, Massachusetts, and North Carolina plan to accept. Neither CVS nor Walgreens admitted to any wrongdoing in the settlement.

Front of Enron Headquarters, Houston, an Employee on the Right Holds a Box, Is Being Laid Off, Two Employees Stand in Front of the Logo on the Left
James Nielsen/Stringer/Getty Images


$7.2 billion
Enron was the world's largest energy trader until the end of 2001, when it came out that its remarkable financial success was the result of widespread accounting fraud. Almost seven years later, financial institutions accused of participating, like Bank of America, Citigroup, and JPMorgan Chase, had to pay a cumulative $7.2 billion to reimburse the company's investors and shareholders.

Sign of WorldCom Inc. in Front of Exterior of Building, Clinton, Mississippi, Sign is Surrounded By Bushes, Cars Are Parked in the Parking Lot in Front of the Building
Stringer/Getty Images


$6.1 billion
In 2015, WorldCom Inc. investors had to pay roughly $6.1 billion to more than a dozen investment banks and 830,000 individual investors, owing to an $11 billion accounting fraud that resulted in the telecommunication company's dissolution three years earlier. Investment banks settled the case to avoid potential future liabilities, while the company's former chief executives Bernard Ebbers and Scott Sullivan received jail time for their crimes.

Closeup of a Pile of Prescription Bottles of Large Pills, Orange Bottles with White Caps and Official Prescription Labels

American Home Products

$3.75 billion
More than 9,000 lawsuits were filed against pharmaceutical company American Home Products after its combined diet drug fen-phen was linked to potentially fatal heart valve damage in 1997. In 1999, the company agreed to pay $3.75 billion in compensation — up to $1.5 million per user — in a national settlement.

Closeup of an Official White Pharmacy Sample Bottle of 300mg Wellbutrin, 7 Tablets, Two White Round Tablets in Front of Bottle
Wikimedia Commons


$3 billion
Pharmaceutical companies have been the subject of many massive settlements over unlawful drug promotions, but the largest to date was GlaxoSmithKline's $3 billion agreement in 2012. The total amount comprises $2 billion in civil charges under the False Claims Act and $1 billion in criminal charges related to its misbranding and lacking safety reports for its products Paxil, Wellbutrin, and Avandia.

Front Exterior of Tyco Fire & Security Headquarters in Boca Raton, Florida, Drive-Thru Road in the Foreground, Large Building in the Background Framed By Palm and Other Trees
Front Exterior of Tyco Fire & Security Headquarters in Boca Raton, Florida, Drive-Thru Road in the Foreground, Large Building in the Background Framed By Palm and Other Trees by Coolcaesar (CC BY-SA)

Tyco International

$2.92 billion
In 2002, two former CEOs of Irish security systems company Tyco International were jailed for embezzling more than $150 million and inflating income by $5.8 billion and found guilty of more than 30 individual violations. Five years later, the company agreed to pay $2.92 billion to settle investor lawsuits for accounting fraud. Unlike Enron, Tyco continued to thrive following the scandal.

Three Houses Made Out of $100 U.S. Dollar Bills, Middle One Is in Selective Focus, Other Two Are Blurred
Mykola Komarovskyy/shutterstock

Cendant Mortgage

$2.83 billion
In 1998, just months after being created from a merger, consumer-services provider Cendant uncovered massive accounting fraud leading to a large fall in stock prices and one of the decade's largest corporate scandals. The next year, Cendant agreed to pay a then-record $2.83 billion to shareholders as compensation, but bounced back with a series of acquisitions in the early 2000s before splitting into four separate companies.

Closeup of Back of Internet Router, Antenna and White Cable in Device, Both Are Selective Focus, Red Light Is One

AOL-Time Warner

$2.8 billion
Before, during, and after their 2001 merger, telecommunications companies Time Warner and America Online engaged in illegal accounting tricks to inflate advertising revenues and defraud 625,000 shareholders from 1998 to 2002. In 2007, the merged companies had to compensate shareholders and institutions that lost money to the tune of $2.8 billion, contributing to a $1.2 billion drop in net income from the previous year.

Traditional Phone with Handset on the Left and Caller ID on the Right, Selective Focus

Nortel Networks

$2.5 billion
In 2006, multinational telecommunications company Nortel agreed to pay $2.47 billion to two plaintiffs for accounting fraud, on the condition that the settlement contain no admission of wrongdoing by the company. The payout was split between cash payouts and reissued stocks, and likely contributed to Nortel's bankruptcy and dissolution starting in 2009.

Wooden Desk with Laptop and Closeup of Man's Hand on the Left with Papers, a Woman's Hand and Arm Using Calculator on Papers on a Clipboard
Chalirmpoj Pimpisarn/istockphoto

Bank of America

$2.4 billion
Bank of America must be used to shelling out billions to settle class-action lawsuits by now. One settlement involving the company in 2012 stipulated it reimburse shareholders $2.43 billion for concealing crucial information during its purchase of Merrill Lynch & Co. at the height of the 2008 financial crisis. While competitors were moving on from the crisis, the nation's second-largest bank lost money in the third quarter of that year owing the loss to the botched acquisition.

Mid-Section of Woman in Distress Holding Her Abdominal, Wearing a Light Grey Velour Robe and Long Light Grey Pajama Pants, While Sitting on Bed, Blurred


$2.4 billion
Like Nortel, Takeda Pharmaceuticals submitted to a multibillion-dollar settlement while still denying all liability. In more than 9,000 claims, the Japanese company was accused of concealing the risk of bladder cancer associated with its big-selling diabetes drug Actos. In the 2015 settlement, Takeda agreed to pay $2.4 billion while arguing the benefits of Actos far outweighed the risks, justifying its decision to continue selling the drug.

Top of High-Rise Pfizer Building, Tokyo, Several Condo Buildings on the Left and Top


$2.3 billion
In 2009, pharmaceutical company Pfizer was found guilty of fraud for promoting off-label uses — those not preapproved by the Food and Drug Administration — of its painkiller Bextra. It agreed to pay $2.3 billion to settle civil and criminal allegations for illegal marketing, at the time making it both the largest health care fraud settlement and the largest criminal fine ever imposed.

Two Silicone Gel Breast Implants Held By a Female Nurse, Selective Focus, Nurse on the Right, a Male Doctor Behind a Navy Chair on the Left, Both Blurred

Dow Corning

$2.3 billion
Dow was the world's leading maker of silicone gel breast implants from 1964 to 1992, when a flurry of lawsuits contending they caused health problems forced their removal from the market. The lawsuits drove the company to declare bankruptcy in 1995, before it agreed to pay $2.3 billion to settle claims from 240,000 women in amounts ranging from $2,000 to $250,000 each in 2004, while still contending there was no link between its products and the ailments.

Sign of Johnson & Johnson Medical Products, Markham, Ontario on the Left Foreground with the Building in the Background, Empty Parking Lot in Between

Johnson & Johnson

$2.2 billion
In 2013, global health care giant Johnson & Johnson and its subsidiaries agreed to pay over $2.2 billion to settle criminal and civil liabilities, over allegations that it promoted prescription drugs for uses not preapproved by regulators and paid kickbacks to physicians and pharmacy providers. The case was another of the largest health care fraud settlements in U.S. history.

Exterior of Navient Corporation, Fishers, Indianapolis, Green Grass and Four Large Trees in the Foreground


$1.85 billion
Navient, one of the largest student loan-servicing companies in America, will have to pay up after being sued for unfair practices. Attorneys claimed Navient enticed federal student-loan borrowers into long-term forbearance instead of low-cost repayment plans, leading many borrowers deeper into debt as interest accrued. Some 350,000 federal student-loan borrowers are due to receive about $260 each because of Navient’s practices, and Navient is required to fully cancel the remaining balances of private loans for about 66,000 students, under terms of the settlement.

Teenage Granddaughter Putting Beige Blanket Over Grandmother with Dementia, Grandmother Is Sitting in a Chair Facing and Looking Out of the Window

Abbott Laboratories

$1.5 billion
In a case of unlawful promotion of prescriptions for uses beyond those approved by the FDA, global health care company Abbott Laboratories pleaded guilty and agreed to pay $1.5 billion in 2012 for misbranding the drug Depakote as viable treatment for schizophrenia and aggression in elderly dementia patients.

Front High-Rise Top of Novartis Headquarters Building, Basel, Switzerland
Front High-Rise Top of Novartis Headquarters Building, Basel, Switzerland by Andrew Hecht (CC BY)


$678 million
In 2020, the Justice Department announced that drugmaker Novartis agreed to a massive settlement over charges that it bribed physicians to use its cardiovascular and diabetes drugs by paying hundreds of millions of dollars for bogus speaker programs where no meaningful presentations were made. High-prescribing doctors were paid tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars in honoraria and treated to lavish meals at high-end restaurants like Peter Luger Steak House in New York and Commander's Palace in New Orleans. The case represented the biggest whistleblower settlement under the federal anti-kickback law, according to whistleblower Oswald Bilotta's attorney.

Hand Holding an Android Smartphone, Selective Focus, Map App Opened on Smartphone, Person on the Right


$392 million
In November 2022, Google agreed to pay a nearly $392 million settlement related to location tracking practices, the largest consumer privacy settlement ever reached by U.S. state attorneys general. According to Oregon Attorney General Ellen Rosenblum, the investigation centered on Google using deceptive tactics to procure users' location data, including Google secretly recording and selling user data despite having turned location tracking features off.

Man on the Left Shaking Hand of Man of Couple on the Right, Woman Is in the Middle, All Are Smiling and Sitting At a Table with a Laptop, Couple Is Looking At Man on the Left

Countrywide Financial

$335 million
Before it became the mortgage unit of Bank of America, Countrywide Financial suffered the Justice Department's largest residential fair lending settlement in history in 2008, providing $335 million in compensation to over 200,000 African American and Hispanic borrowers who were discriminated against from 2004 to 2008 by being charged higher fees and interest rates than their non-Hispanic, white counterparts.

Closeup of U.S. Treasury Check

Salomon Brothers

$290 million
In 1992, investment bank Salomon Brothers agreed to pay $290 million to settle charges that it had systematically submitted phony bids in treasury auctions that finance the national debt. The ruling was simultaneously a victory for the embattled firm, as the government in turn agreed not to bring criminal charges for the millions of dollars gained illegally through the scheme.

Prescription EpiPen 2-Pak Yellow Box with Two EpiPens Outside of It


$264 million
Drugmaker Vitaris agreed to pay big to settle a lawsuit over the EpiPen, a critical treatment for severe allergic reactions. The suit alleged that Vitaris, then known as Mylan, tried to delay lower-priced generic competitors of the EpiPen from reaching the market. Mylan dramatically raised EpiPen prices, to $500 in 2016 from $100 in 2008, stirring protests. Plaintiffs including both customers and insurers were asking $1 billion in damages at trial.

Opioid Pain Killers Spilled Out of Opened Orange Prescription Bottle, Opening in Center Pointing Camera, Pills on White Table in Focus, Rest of Image Blurred
Charles Wollertz/istockphoto

AmerisourceBergen, Cardinal Health, McKesson, and Teva Pharmaceutical

$260 million
In a last-minute settlement with two Ohio counties in 2019, drug distributors AmerisourceBergen, Cardinal Health, and McKesson and drugmaker Teva Pharmaceutical agreed to pay $260 million for their role in the opioid crisis. The move came just before a nine-week federal trial was scheduled to start. The companies had sought a global settlement worth $48 billion that would have covered all opioid litigation against them.

Front Exterior of Kay Jewelers Retail Store, Statesville, North Carolina, Brick Building with Sidewalk
J. Michael Jones/istockphoto

Sterling Jewelers

$175 Million
"Every kiss begins with Kay" suddenly doesn't seem so romantic now that Sterling Jewelers, parent company of  Kay Jewelers, Jared and Zales, has to pay out to tens of thousands of employees for discrimination and sexual harassment claims. The case had been going on for 15 years, with 68,000 plaintiffs making claims that women in the company were discriminated against in compensation and promotions. The shopping mall jeweler finally agreed to resolve the class-action lawsuit in June 2022.

Woman Looking At Camera While Facing Her Desktop Computer At Work During the Late Evening, Darkness in the Window
FG Trade/istockphoto

Bank of America

Amount: $160 million
Bank of America took a hit owing to its 2008 acquisition of Merrill Lynch in 2013, when Merrill Lynch agreed to pay $160 million to settle a class-action racial discrimination lawsuit brought by a longtime employee. Up to 1,200 former and current Merrill Lynch employees were eligible to receive compensation in one of the largest settlements ever to result from a race bias lawsuit, based on allegations that the company created a segregated workforce.

Several Cardboard TurboTax Products on Display at Costco, Foster City, California, Blurred on the Right
Kimberly White/Stringer/Getty Images


$141 million
TurboTax agreed to shell out $141 million to settle a lawsuit accusing the company of misleading customers by promising free tax-filing services. The settlement called for reimbursing nearly 4.4 million taxpayers about $30 for each year they were steered to a paid version of TurboTax, even though they were eligible for a free version that was part of an IRS program for low-income filers.

Glass Exterior of Google Campus, Mountain View, California, Lush Garden and Trees in the Foreground
Sundry Photography/istockphoto


$118 million
Google joined the likes of other big-name companies that have had to shell out more than $1 million to settle a lawsuit with over 15,000 female staff members who were paid $17,000 less than men in similar roles. Alphabet, Google's parent company, agreed to settle the class-action lawsuit that had been ongoing for five years. Plaintiffs accused the company of denying promotions to women, paying them less than male employees, and placing overqualified women in lower-paying roles.

Remington Arms Logo on a White Background
Remington Arms Logo on a White Background by Suzutuki (CC BY-SA)


$73 million
The families of five children and four adults killed in the Sandy Hook school massacre in 2012 reached a $73 million settlement with Remington, the manufacturer of the gun used in the shooting, as well as Remington's insurers. The dollar amount isn't as big as some other settlements in this list, but the implications are huge. Though gun manufacturers have some protections against wrongful death lawsuits under federal law, this lawsuit focused on the company's marketing strategies, which were alleged to have played up the militaristic qualities of the rifle in violation of a Connecticut law against deceptive marketing. The families have also obtained — and, more important, can make public — thousands of pages of Remington's internal company documents in hopes of preventing future gun tragedies.